Current Business Research

Essay by okayUniversity, Bachelor'sA, August 2006

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Research and Evaluation 1 course has presented me the opportunity to prepare a 700-words synopsis of a research article in a professional journal of interest to me. After several considerations, I have selected an article titled, "Effects of critical care nurses' work hours on vigilance and patients' safety," from the American Journal of Critical Care. In this paper, I will identify the following 4 key points of this article: the business research and its purpose, business problem under investigation, the parties involved in conducting the research, and the method used to conduct the research project.

An estimate of 5 million patients are admitted into the critical care units (CCUs) each year, and unlike other patients, these patients are severely ill and rely heavily on the health care professional ability in order to maintain their survival. Therefore, it is critical, as the authors of the article stated, "critical-care nurses must be alert to subtle changes in patients' condition, perform accurate clinical assessment, and respond in an expedient matter."

The slightest mistake/error could result in jeopardizing patients' lives. Consequently, mistakes do occur, and these mistakes may be due to many contributing factors that are preventable. The objective of this research is to describe the work pattern of critical care nurses, to determine if an association exists between the occurrence of errors and hours worked by the nurses, and explore whether these work hours have adverse effect on the nurses' vigilance.

The American Journal of Critical Care has decided to investigate the effect of critical care nurses' work hours on vigilance and patients' safety. Although there are several other studies that were conducted on hospital staff nurses, none of those studies included relevant data that reflect critical care nurses. For example, what is unknown is whether hospital staff nurses' work patterns are similar...